DelliCarpini, Margo. "Scaffolding and Differentiating Instruction in Mixed Ability ESL Classes Using a Round Robin Activity." The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. XII, No. 3, March 2006. Web. 1 Nov. 2011.

Alber, Rebecca. "Six Scaffolding Strategies to Use with Your Students." Edutopia. The George Lucas Educational Foundation, 24 May 2011. Web. 1 Nov. 2011.

Sentence frames and teaching strategies to meet language objectives:

"Language Objectives, Language Frames, Teaching Strategies." ESL-Methods. 2011. Web. <>.

Summary Frames (sentence starters) are powerful tools for teaching independent reading, thinking, and writing, and provide effective scaffolding to help ELLs organize thoughts.

Hultenius. "Sentence Frames." Miss Hultenius, Chula Vista Elementary School District. Teacher Websites, 2011. Web. 1 Nov. 2011.

The following summary frames were downloaded from Township High School District 214, 2121 S. Goebbert Rd. Arlington Heights, IL 60005 at <>.